Other Information/Resources for Teaching Native Issues in California

Teaching about missions: how the law has changed

The mass deaths, forced labor and destruction of Native communities that resulted from contact with the Spanish mission system has long been a blind spot in state curricula. Since 2016, when the State Board of Education adopted the History-Social Science Framework, fourth grade teachers in California are obligated to reexamine traditional classroom lessons and practices that glorified, romanticized or presented a limited view of the missions. Included here are good resources for teachers who are seeking to follow the standards and make them relevant to their own communities.


Additional Resources on California Missions:

4th Grade Missions Curriculum Projects: A Thought Experiment for Parents, Teachers and Students by Ohlone writer Deborah Miranda

California Indian Museum & Cultural Center: CA Missions Native History interactive web site/resource for teachers


Two articles from News From Native California, Vol. 28, No. 2, Winter 2014/15: Saying Our Share: Surviving the Missions (magazine is out of print, downloadable PDF files courtesy of editor Terria Smith)

Educating Elementary School Children About California Missions and the Perpetuation of Genocide by Nichole Meyers Lim

The Truth Shall Set Us Free  by Vincent Medina (Ohlone)

A Time of Resistance: California Indians During the Mission Period, 1769-1848, by Sarah Supahana, Klamath-Trinity Joint Unified School District Indian Education Program, 1997

More Resources:

Film Clips

• Dancing Salmon Home – A documentary about the Winnemem’s trip to New Zealand in 2010 to dance and sing to McCloud River salmon and re-unite with their sacred fish. (15 min.)
• Nahko Bear’s Run4Salmon 2016 The Salmon Will Run 
• The Magical Fish – Winnemem Wintu Chief Caleen Sisk describes the life cycle of salmon in a talk at La Peña in Berkeley in 2017 (5 minutes) new link coming + new title
• Standing on Sacred Ground — The Winnemem of California – Winnemem Wintu efforts to stop federal government plans to raise the height of Shasta Dam (29 minutes)

Standing on Sacred Ground Teacher’s Guide (from the Sacred Land Film Project)
For high school classes but useful for 4th grade as well.
Standing on Sacred Ground: The Winnemem Wintu — free downloadable pdf file (25 pages)

Run4Salmon Route and Calendar

Proposed Salmon Swim-way

Sacramento River Watershed:


Chief Caleen Sisk, The Salmon Will Run

Gallery of historic Winnemem and contemporary Run4Salmon photos

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For Further Information — Additional Links

When Salmon Speak: The Winnemem Wintu and Winter-run Chinook (October 2016) by Chief Caleen Sisk and Gary Mulcahy (online salmon report by KCET-TV in LA)

Winnemem Wintu History and Culture

Winnemem Wintu Tribe’s website
Winnemem Wintu Tribal Timeline
Long Time Past: Baird Hatchery and the McCloud Wintu

Previous Press Coverage

Winnemem Wintu Work To Return Salmon Home from New Zealand (July 2017)
A Native Plan to Restore the Winter Run Chinook (October 2016)
Salmon to Swim Above Shasta Dam for First time in 80 Years (September 2015)
Tribe travels across the Pacific to recover lost salmon species (August 2011)


The Winnemem Wintu’s Salmon Return Plan (2017)
Will They Go the Way of the Buffalo? Vanishing Salmon Could Doom Tribes’ Cultures (June 2017)
California Drought – Protecting Salmon (August 2015)
Extinction Looming for Most of California’s Salmon and Trout (May 2017)
To Protect Native Culture, Bring Back the Salmon (October 2016)
The droughts hidden victim: California native fish (August 2015)
As salmon vanish in the dry Pacific Northwest, so does Native heritage (July 2015)
Chinook Salmon in New Zealand (November 2008)
Running the Salmon Home: The Winter-Run Chinook Salmon
(August 2017)
Running the Salmon Home: Lifeways and Waters of the Winnemem Wintu (August 2017)
Running the Salmon Home: Celebrating the Women Leading the Way (September 2017)

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